Monday, November 24, 2014

Autosomal DNA test

                                               Autosomal DNA test, read by OmniPop

Joanne Pezzullo posted an old article I wrote on her blog.  I wrote this article years ago after the results of my Autosomal DNA tests. I don’t mind people posting my articles that are in the public domain, but in this case if she had contacted me I would have told her this test was proven worthless a few months later. And completely discarded because it was not designed for this purpose. Back at the time everyone was excited about this test where you use the original Omni Pop tool which was designed by Brian Burritt of the San Diego Police Department as a tool created to differentiate between people, specifically to determine their primary race, not to compare them for similarities.  He created the OmniPop spreadsheet from 225 police and forensic articles that had been published and referenced Codis marker information about people from specific populations-Burritt’s commentary regarding genealogists using Omni Pop for genealogical ethnicity comparisons is that they were using a tool not created for this purpose and were over-analyzing the results.

"After discovering some of my fore parents were labeled Melungeon by historians, I began a search to satisfy my own curiosity and to discover the truth about my own family and the Melungeons. Which includes private DNA test and those test reveal my Goins fore parent who came to Hawkins County was probably 75% Native American and he did have a tradition of Portuguese and Indian Heritage. Thanks, Jack Goins"

Matching people in North or South Carolina does not prove they were Melungeon because Melungeon is not a race. The Tri-racial people in those areas were given a clan name as show in Edward T. Price study. I copied and pasted the clans listed in the 1950-53 Geographic Analysis of White-Negro-Indian Racial Mixtures in Eastern United States.              

Edward T. Price, Los Angles State College 

1-The Melungeons -Centering in Hancock County, TN,  reached Newman Ridge and Blackwater Valley in then Hawkins County, now Hancock County in the 1790’s    2-Redbones-Louisana 3-Cajans-Alabama, Mississippi 4-Cereoles-Mississippi  5-Dominickers-Georgia 6-Brass Ankles- South Carolina 7- Croatans-North Carolina and South Carolina 8- Cubans -North Carolina 9-Browns Branch, Kentucky 10-Cubans,  11- Magoffin - Kentucky  12-Issues, Amherst County, Virginia 13- Irish Creek -Virginia 14- Carmel Indians-Ohio 15-Wesorts, Maryland 16-Darke Country, West Virginia 17-Guineas-West Virginia 18- Nanticokes, Maryland 19-Moors and Nanticokes, Maryland 20- Keating Mountain-Pennsylvania,  21-Pools, Pennsylvania  22- Jackson Whites, New York and New Jersey 23- Bushwhackers-New York 24-Slaughters- New York.

Several opinions and especially the ethnic makeup of my own family recorded in my first book “Melungeon and Other Pioneer Families” has been proven wrong by my Y-DNA test and other relatives who have taken this male Y-test.

The autosomal DNA test being used today such as 23andme, Family Finder and Ancestry, is reading your genes not someone in a police lineup who claimed he was Portuguese, Indian, African etc   The male Y-Test and mtDNA test are proven and are the same tests used in court cases, this goes to ones paternal and maternal ancestors ORIGIN, Someone who does not understand the basic of DNA wrote, “this is an old useless test that is dating back thousands of years”, but what is missing from this opinion is the number of generations when both parents were African or Native American, etc, etc. Example my paternal ancestor was African and finding my 7th generation grandma born 1730s was taxed as free colored 1813, Henry County, Virginia, strongly suggest both were African.  If your paternal ancestor was Native American there is a strong possibility his mate was Native 200 years ago. These tests show the origin of your ancestors and the origin of the Melungeon Ancestors. And also gives your Haplogroup and ethnic percentages. This test also locates others you match in the data base. 


  1. Jack, our Mary Polly Goins b. 1780 likely NC, d, GA 1855. She married Isaac Bankston and had at least 4 children. Are there known Native American ties to the Goins in NC or GA? If so, how do we tell from DNA? Blessings!

  2. Hi Cynthia autosomal DNA goes back 5 generations if your Indian ancestor is say 6 generations it will not show Native American. In your autosomal test does it give a % for Native American.